The census said that in 2005, the most recent year reported, 35,000 people moved into Georgia from elsewhere in the country. About 24,000 more moved away from Georgia, for a net growth of 11,000.
That year, another 34,000 people moved into Georgia from abroad, according to the census.
Only Arizona, Florida and Texas had greater net migration to the state.
States like California and New York were large population losers.
While the 2005 migration happened before a major recession sent the economy and housing market into a tailspin, they should reflect current trends, said Doug Bachtel, a demographer at the University of Georgia.
Recessions may slow the pace of migration, but they don't seriously affect who's moving where, Bachtel said.
The census report also shows that low-income families are moving from place to place inside Georgia.
Nearly 70 percent of the moves in 2005 were made in the same county, and blacks and Hispanics are the most likely to make these local moves.
This mobility presents a challenge for educators because the break the continuity of a student's education. At the same time, some of the newcomers are migrating from states with weak schools, notes Matt Cardoza, spokesman for the state Department of Education.
"Yes, the quality of education from another state certainly impacts Georgia's statistics," he said. "Some of the larger school districts have looked at data that shows that a student's academic performance improves substantially the longer they are in a Georgia school."
Nevertheless, those schools are on their own, according to Cardoza.
"We do not have any specific policies that impact or respond to migration," he said.